How long can you live in Spain without residency? 90 Day Rule in Spain
- ☝️ The Meaning Residency Vs. Short Stay
- ☝️ What period can you legally stay in Spain?
- 😊 Staying in Spain after 90 Days
- ❤️ Qualification period of becoming a Spain resident
- ☝️ Can you live in Spain without residency?
- 🔥 Short-Stay Visa
- 🔍 What is the 90 day rule in Spain?
- 🎧 What happens when the 90 day visa period expires?
- ⚠️ Spain Residency
- 🎧 Ways to get a temporal residency in Spain
- ⚖️ The procedure of checking your Spain residency status
- 👍 Understand the difference: Residency Vs Citizenship
Spain, with its vibrant culture, stunning landscapes, and warm Mediterranean climate, has an undeniable allure for people around the world. Many dream of experiencing the beauty and charm of this Iberian paradise, whether it’s the bustling streets of Barcelona, the historic treasures of Seville, or the idyllic beaches of the Balearic Islands.
But how long can you live in Spain without obtaining official residency? This is a common question for travelers, digital nomads, and those considering a more extended stay in this captivating country. Understanding the rules and limits is crucial to enjoying your time in Spain while adhering to legal requirements.
In this article, we will explore the various aspects of living in Spain without official residency. We’ll delve into the time limits, visa options, and the distinction between being a tourist and a legal resident. So, if you’ve ever wondered how long you can savor the Spanish way of life without going through the residency process, this guide is here to provide the answers.
The Meaning Residency Vs. Short Stay
Individuals can get residency if they plan to live in spain for over three months. First, they need to meet all requirements. Relatively, for a short-stay status, it applies to individuals who are staying in Spain for 90 days or less. Specific conditions apply in this option. Let’s define all the situations involved and how you can get the varieties of residencies.
What period can you legally stay in Spain?
Your country will determine your here, but you can visit and live in the Spanish territory using the three months tourist visa. To become a legal resident, you need to find a legal residence permit. Further, if you are part of an eu country, then the 90-day rule doesn’t require you to have a visa to access Spain.
Staying in Spain after 90 Days
How long can you live in Spain without a visa? When the first three months elapse while in Spain, your continued stay becomes illegal; hence you’ll have to acquire a residence card. The processing of getting a card differs according to your country.
• EU-based citizens need an EU Certificate, which is a simple thing to achieve.
• Non-EU citizens need to have a legal permit of residency. Also, you have to be in your original country to acquire it. There are multiple permits that a tourist can use to obtain residency, such as a student visa.
Qualification period of becoming a Spain resident
So, how long can you live in spain without residency after Brexit? To qualify to become a Spain resident, you need to have stayed in the country for six months or 183 days in a year. Therefore, you’ll have to begin paying taxes as a resident of Spain. This is different from when you want to live in the country as a resident legally. Such an option comes with its implications. It comes with tax liability which you will achieve.
Therefore, fiscal residency and immigration residency differ; hence you shouldn’t confuse them. Also, most Spain residence permits require an individual to live for more than 183 days in the country before they are renewed.
Can you live in Spain without residency?
You can live in the country for only 90 days if you lack residency. If the period elapses, you have to obtain permanent residency or leave.
If you’re planning for a short visit of 90 days in Spain, then you need a tourist visor in some instances, nothing at all. As mentioned earlier, when you’re from an eu country, you only need to provide an ID and passport to enter spain with a short-stay visa. However, you cant work there. Relatives of the particular individual are also allowed to enter the country using their ID or passports to stay there for only three months.
What is the 90 day rule in Spain?
It’s essential to understand all the rules involved in your legal and brief stay status in Spain if you want to enjoy it. You need to know if you’ll be allowed to work or not or if you’ll have a chance of contributing towards social security payments. Here is everything you need to check on when you are legally granted an option for a brief stay in the country.
- Places to get a short-stay visa
The ordinary occasions which you can access a legal opportunity of living in the country f only 90 days include:
• When you are touring
• When doing volunteer work
• When researching or studying
If it is about studying, then various extensive terms relate to the legal issues. If maybe you’re doing your Spain P.h.D or masters, the duration of studying is more than a year in spain, and you’ll have to consider a permit of residency which will allow you to legally there. The immigration law of Spain always contemplated such cases. Also, you should know that this isn’t related to a student visa.
Lucky for you because you are applying to get an actual visa as a masters’ of P.h.D student in this situation, you won’t need to do all the legal paperwork. But that doesn’t mean you will become a citizen. You need to stay for a couple of years in the country to become one. Also, this isn’t permanent.
In case you finish your research or studies, there are two available options for you. They include:
- Stay in the country through an extension as a student.
- Switching your options from student to unique residency who wants to work. Here there are specific requirements that will determine this option. You need to have studied in Spain for more than three or more years. You need to pass on your studies, but you can’t use this option if you were studying under a scholarship. Lastly, you need to provide proof of the work related to what you learned while in Spain.
What happens when the 90 day visa period expires?
Only two options are available for EU citizens. First, you need to request an extension or your stay status through a non-lucrative visa from Spain. But you have to provide all the proof that you have sufficient funds which will sustain you as you continue with your stay.
You need to justify all the reasons why it’s essential for you to get that stay extension in Spain. It is crucial to offer proper reasoning, guaranteeing that if the extension period elapses, you will return to your country of origin. Spain’s government doesn’t need you to stay in the country after the extension is over illegally; hence, it’s necessary for confirmation right before the period gets extended.
Secondly, you can request a residency authorization if you plan to move to spain. The following permit is under regular residency.
Spain grants a legal condition through a residency for those people who are planning to stay for long in the country. They apply to those considering staying there for more than three months. There are two types of residencies. They include;
- Permanent residency
Here, you’ll receive a more extended resident card which will allow you to stay and work in spain for five years. This is a renewable permit; hence a person can also make an application to become a citizen of pain. You don’t have to renew it after every two years. Also, even if you have a non-lucrative visa, you can still get a permit to work in the country.
- Temporary residency
It applies to non-EU citizens who need to stay in the country for more than three months but not more than five years. Here, you have to complete the legal process of application. It also depends on the activities you plan to conduct in the country related to economic activities.
You can either apply for residency with a non-lucrative visa if you have enough funds to sustain your stay while not working. Or, you can opt to get a lucrative visa that offers residency when you get a permit to live for five years in Spain.
Ways to get a temporal residency in Spain
• Via Visa for students
Whether it’s a private or public institution that you choose to study in for over three months in Spain, you need to find a student visa. If it’s not more than this period, then it’s not necessary to get a visa. You have to provide the university enrolment documents which prove that you can study there. Also, you need to have sufficient funds and health insurance. Further, you can get all these directly if you are a tourist in the country.
• Get a permit to work in Spain.
If you plan to work in this country, you can quickly get a long residency option. There are three options involved here. The first one involves when a Spain company offers you a job. You will have to make an application for a work permit called “trabajo por cuenta ajena” that applies to an employee.
The second applicable situation is when you want to develop a company in Spain and become self-employed there. You will apply for trabajo por cuenta ajena”permit. Also, you need to prove your intentions; hence you have to bring to Registro Mercantil (Spain’s Trade Registry Office) your company documents. Then you will have to get an entrepreneur visa permit.
Lastly, if a company offers you a managerial position where you will earn more than 40.000€ yearly, then you automatically qualify for a permit to work in Spain. This option can directly be processed in Spain, but the other two can be found in your country of origin.
It is necessary to work with a lawyer who will help you obtain these permits mentioned above. Further, they can help you create a business plan to ensure that your business becomes successful in Spain.
• Through an EU citizen family member
As mentioned earlier, if you have a relative who comes from an EU country, you can quickly get residency in Spain. This means that the individual is born in or obtained their residence in the place.
It involves those non-EU citizens who get civil union registration with an EU individual from Spain. They are allowed to make an application of being family members of the EU citizen who is their new partner. The registration process is directly done in Spain.
• Use of golden visa
Can I get residency in Spain if I buy a house? The standard rule here is that if you invest more than 500.000 € in any property in Spain, you can use this type of visa for your applications. It’s that straightforward; hence you can confirm with the immigration offices the particular requirement that this investor visa requires.
The procedure of checking your Spain residency status
Many people don’t have an idea of how they can confirm their legal Spain status of residency. Your lawyer will advise you to check your details on your residence card or TIE called (“tarjeta de identificación del extranjero”). When you enter Spain, the police will give you this physical paper. Also, you can check the details on your NIE card.
An NIE card contains unique foreign requirements when you reach Spain. It doesn’t matter the legal residence permit you have or the type of status which you prefer. It applies even if you want to stay only for 90 days in Spain.
Understand the difference: Residency Vs Citizenship
If you’ve thought about the exact difference between getting citizenship and residency in Spain, you first need to know that these two are not the same. When you are a Spanish citizen, you can work or live in the country. You can also do the same in all other European Union countries. Further, you also achieve your voting rights in Spain. But when you get residency in Spain, you only have the right to work in the country.
When you become a national citizen of Spain, you will directly receive a passport to the country. Unlike for residency, you will retain your resident card. Also, gaining Spain citizenship means that you will have similar rights like all other Spanish citizens. However, an individual with residency lacks various during the period they stay in spain.
Lastly, if you want to become a Spanish citizen, various requirements and procedures vary according to your original country. Also, you need to reside in Spain for specifically required years to obtain a lower or higher qualification of legally becoming a national in the country. This fundamental thing will help you consider your choices between citizenship or Spain residency.